Geography of Houston County, Minnesota

Houston County, located in the southeastern corner of Minnesota, is a region known for its picturesque landscapes, rolling hills, and abundant natural resources. Bordered by the Mississippi River to the west and the Root River to the east, Houston County boasts a diverse geography that includes river valleys, forested hillsides, and fertile farmland. Its climate, rivers, lakes, and other natural features contribute to the county’s unique character and provide opportunities for outdoor recreation and scenic beauty. This comprehensive overview will explore the geography of Houston County, including its physical characteristics, climate, rivers, lakes, and more. Check climateforcities to learn more about the state of Minnesota.

Physical Geography

Houston County is situated in the Driftless Area, a region of the Upper Midwest known for its rugged terrain and lack of glacial activity during the last Ice Age. As a result, the landscape of Houston County features steep bluffs, deep river valleys, and scenic vistas.

The county is part of the Driftless Region, which encompasses parts of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Illinois. The region’s unique topography has been shaped by erosion from rivers and streams over millions of years, resulting in the creation of dramatic landscapes and diverse habitats.


Houston County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with relatively warm summers and cold winters. The county’s climate is influenced by its location in the Upper Midwest and its proximity to the Mississippi River.

Summer temperatures in Houston County typically range from the 70s to the 80s Fahrenheit (around 21-30°C), with occasional periods of higher heat and humidity. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing heavy rainfall and occasional severe weather.

Winter temperatures are cold, with daytime highs often in the 20s and 30s Fahrenheit (around -6 to 1°C) and nighttime lows dropping below freezing. Snowfall is frequent during the winter months, with average annual snowfall ranging from around 30 to 40 inches (about 76 to 102 cm).

Rivers and Streams

Houston County is home to several rivers and streams, which play a vital role in shaping the region’s landscape and providing water resources for recreation, agriculture, and industry.

Mississippi River

The Mississippi River forms the western border of Houston County, separating it from the state of Wisconsin. As one of the largest rivers in North America, the Mississippi River is a vital transportation route and provides habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife.

Root River

The Root River flows through the heart of Houston County, winding its way through scenic valleys and pastures. The river is known for its crystal-clear waters, which provide excellent opportunities for trout fishing, canoeing, and kayaking.

Lakes and Natural Areas

While Houston County is not known for its lakes, there are several smaller bodies of water scattered throughout the region, including ponds, reservoirs, and wetlands. Additionally, the county is home to several natural areas and parks that showcase the region’s beauty and biodiversity.

Beaver Creek Valley State Park

Beaver Creek Valley State Park is located in the northern part of Houston County and encompasses over 1,200 acres of forested hillsides, meadows, and wetlands. The park features hiking trails, picnic areas, and scenic overlooks, as well as a campground for overnight stays.

Visitors to Beaver Creek Valley State Park can explore the park’s trails, which wind through diverse habitats and offer opportunities to observe wildlife such as deer, wild turkeys, and songbirds. The park is also home to the headwaters of Beaver Creek, a designated trout stream popular with anglers.

Agriculture and Land Use

Agriculture is an important industry in Houston County, with fertile soils and favorable growing conditions supporting a variety of crops and livestock. The county is known for its dairy farms, corn and soybean fields, and apple orchards, which contribute to the region’s economy and rural character.

In addition to agriculture, Houston County is also home to forests, woodlands, and natural areas that provide habitat for wildlife and opportunities for outdoor recreation. The county’s diverse landscape and natural resources make it a popular destination for hunting, fishing, hiking, and birdwatching.


Houston County, Minnesota, is a region of scenic beauty, diverse landscapes, and abundant natural resources. Its unique geography, including steep bluffs, deep river valleys, and rolling hills, provides opportunities for outdoor recreation and scenic vistas. With its humid continental climate, fertile soils, and pristine waterways, Houston County offers a high quality of life for residents and visitors alike. Whether you’re exploring the Root River Valley, fishing along the banks of the Mississippi River, or hiking in Beaver Creek Valley State Park, the county is sure to captivate with its charm, beauty, and natural splendor.