According to liuxers, India is located in South Asia. The country has a length of 3214 km from north to south and 2933 km from west to east. To the south, the Hindustan peninsula begins to narrow and juts out into the Indian Ocean for a distance of about 1600 km in the form of a wedge, which is washed by the Bay of Bengal in the east and the Arabian Sea in the west. India also includes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, as well as the islands of Lakshadvip, Amindiv, Minicoy in the southeastern part of the Arabian Sea.
It ranks second in the world in terms of population (2001 – more than 1 billion). and 7th – in terms of area (3.29 million sq. km). The average life expectancy for men is 58 years, for women – 59 years. For every thousand men, there are 929 women, a ratio that has been observed since the beginning of this century.
Hindus (80%), Muslims (11%), Christians (2%), Sikhs (2%), Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, etc.
India (Republic of India, Indian Union) – Federation, consisting of 25 states and 7 union territories. Each state and some union territories have their own legislature and government headed by a minister. The head of state is the president.
As a country with a democratic political system and a developed administrative structure, with a fairly large skilled workforce and an extensive network of communications, India has made significant progress since independence. The economy is built on an agrarian basis, but industry has also grown significantly in India, and now the country is among the top 15 industrialized countries. The relatively low volume of exports is explained by the large volume of domestic consumption. India has achieved particular success in the production of grain, which is exported to other countries. Achievements in the field of computer technologies and programming are widely known. However, about 37% of the population lives below the poverty line.
70% of the able-bodied population is employed in agriculture, 13% – in industry, 17% – in the service sector. Rural residents make up about 75% of the total population of the country. The population of 12 Indian cities exceeds one million inhabitants. The largest city is Bombay (12 million inhabitants).
Customs Duty-free to India you can carry 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars, 0.95 liters. alcohol; a minimum number of personal items such as binoculars, camera, video equipment, tape recorder, etc. Professional equipment and valuable items should be declared or registered upon arrival with a written obligation to take them out on the way back. The export of tiger skins, wild animals, bird plumage, rare reptile skins and products made from them, live plants, gold and silver bars, antiques and antiques made more than a hundred years ago is prohibited.
The national flag consists of three equal horizontal stripes – saffron on top, white in the center and dark green on the bottom. The length and width of the flag are 3×2. In the center of the white stripe is a blue wheel – a symbol of the chakra. It looks just like the wheel on top of Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital. The diameter is approximately equal to the width of the white stripe, the wheel has 24 spokes.
The flag was approved by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947. The use and display of the flag is governed by the Indian Flag Act.