Schleswig-Holstein and Thuringia, Germany


The state of Schleswig-Holstein could be a Danish province today. Because especially the Danish crown was on the fertile land with the vast landscapes.

Location and landscapes of Schleswig Holstein

Schleswig Holstein is located in the very north of Germany and lies on both the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Kiel has been the state capital since the state was founded in 1956. In terms of area, Schleswig-Holstein is the second smallest in comparison to the other territorial states (ahead of Saarland). It is located on the border with Denmark and has the Syddanmark region as its direct neighbor, with which it maintains close connections and relationships. In addition, the federal states of Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania to Schleswig-Holstein.

The ground is due to its glacial origin quite fruitful and was a popular area for the Danes, who wanted to win the fertile ground for themselves.
The Wadden Sea on the west coast of Schleswig Holstein is particularly beautiful. Popular holiday resorts are located here, attracting tourists and those seeking relaxation from all over the world. The clear air and the quiet surroundings ensure a relaxing holiday. The famous island of Helgoland is also part of the Schleswig-Holstein area. The farmers in the regions of the east coast drive particularly profitable harvests in the fjords and bays a. Here on the hilly peninsula, the soil is excellent and you can farm effectively.
The area around the Holstein Sea is also known as Holstein Switzerland.

Nature conservation in Schleswig Holstein

One of the most beautiful landmarks in the region and one of the most visited travel destinations in Schleswig-Holstein is the Wadden Sea National Park. This is the largest national park in Central Europe! Part of it is a biosphere reserve. In addition, the nature reserve “Hohes Elbufer between Tesperhude and Lauenburg” and the Lauenburger Elbe foreland is located in Schleswig-Holstein. Part of the Elbe river landscape is also part of the biosphere reserve.

There are 189 nature reserves and 275 landscape protection areas in Schleswig-Holstein, and the trend is rising. With these large numbers of protected areas, Schleswig Holstein is a pioneer in nature conservation.

History of Schleswig-Holstein

Based on finds, one can conclude that the area of ​​today’s Schleswig-Holstein was already settled by hunters and gatherers after the last Ice Age. Already around 4000 BC Christ, the people living there were predominantly arable farmers and knew how to cultivate the fertile soil well. Many Germanic groups and families emigrated during the Great Migration. The then resident Angles moved on from the 3rd to the 5th century and finally reached Britain, where they founded the Anglo-Saxon people. This designation later became the country name for England
used. Due to the high level of emigration, the settlement of Schleswig Holstein was relatively low at the time.
From the 13th century onwards, the Danish royal family tried to integrate the Holstein area into the Danish kingdom. However, this failed.
A lot has happened in the Schleswig Holstein region since the end of the Second World War. In the post-war years, many displaced families from East Prussia and Pomerania settled here. Many survivors from bombed Hamburg also found a new home in Schleswig-Holstein.


According to Youremailverifier, Thuringia is a federal state in Germany and also has the status of a free state. Thuringia only borders on German federal states, which means Thuringia is also referred to as a landlocked state.

Geography of Thuringia

InThuringiais the central point of the country and thus the center of the Federal Republic. Not just this fact, butparticularlythe huge forest areas make the state so special. Thuringia is often referred to as “The green heart of Germany”.
The federal states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Lower Saxony, Hesse and Bavaria are located around Thuringia. Erfurt is the state capital of Thuringia.
After German reunification in 1990, Thuringia emerged from the former GDR districts of Erfurt, Gera and Suhl. Thuringia is also allowed to carry the addition of a Free State, as are the federal states of Bavaria and Saxony.
In economic terms, Thuringia is one of the strongest areas in comparison to the other federal states in eastern Germany.

Sights in Thuringia

Some of the most important buildings and historical sights in Germany can be found in Thuringia. In addition to the Erfurt Cathedral, which is one of the historic buildings and a landmark of the state, the Wartburg is also located here.

The city of Weimar is famous. It is located in the heart of the state and attracts numerous tourists and visitors every year. Not only the historic old town is worth seeing here. Many famous and important artists from bygone eras lived and worked in Weimar. There are often monuments or plaques in the places of their respective houses.

In Jena you can not only see the old town and beautiful buildings, the city is one of the most famous educational cities in Germany and is part of the education and research center of Thuringia.

The Hainich National Park (the only national park in Thuringia) is located near Hainich. A particularly rare animal has found a home in the Hainich National Park and roams through its territory there. The wildcat lives here undisturbed and obviously feels very comfortable. Lynx have even been sighted again in parts of the Harz Mountains. These were almost completely eradicated in this region.

Flora and fauna in Thuringia

In Thuringia you will find very old and extensive forests. These differ regionally in their biodiversity and in the occurrence of the various tree species. The common beech often thrives. In the forests and the peripheral regions there are often groves, woodruff, forest barley and even orchids.

In addition to the lush deciduous forests, there are numerous and extensive coniferous forests in Thuringia. They do well and grow very quickly. The coniferous forests were established between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century and are still cultivated and researched today. After the success with the coniferous crops, the state forest administration would like to increase the proportion of hardwood again. By the hurricane Kyrill in 2007, large stocks of forests were destroyed, was particularly affected the Thuringian Forest. This stock is now to be reforested. While numerous spruce trees used to grow here as monocultures, mixed forests of beech and oak are now to be created here.

The vegetation has naturally been changed by the cultivation of the land. Often arable land and cattle pastures are lined up next to each other.

Thuringia, Germany